A huge number of individuals take the necessary measures in keeping their body in tip top shape. They also put extra efforts in taking care of their face making them look young and fresh in the process. One area people often take for granted is the feet especially since these are covered most of the time. The foot however if left unattended for a long period of time becomes prone to developing a variety of disease and infection. One of the infections that cause stress and discomfort to many is toenail fungus. Let us look at what causes toenail fungus and what are the treatments to counter its growth.
Toenail fungus is often identified by the white or yellow spot that is located under the tip of your fingernail or toenail. Aside from discoloration, the nail also thickens and crumbles at the edge as the infection goes deeper. In some cases, several nails can get affected which can make this condition quite problematic. It should be noted that toenail fungus brings its own share of complications causing pain as well as permanent damage to the affected area. Furthermore, the infection can spread beyond the feet causing other serious problems.
What Causes Toenail Fungus?
There’s a lot of confusion revolving around what causes toenail fungus making it a cause for concern. Toenail infection is caused from the overgrowth of fungi in the nail. Fungi thrive in warm and moist environments such as the feet making this particular area susceptible in developing an infection. The inside of a shoe is the perfect place for fungi to thrive as it provides dark, warm, and moist atmosphere. Keeping your shoes clean and changing socks regularly can help keep toenail fungus away. People can also get toenail fungus through a manicure or pedicure salon through emery boards and nail clippers. Make sure to ask the staff on how they clean their tools to avoid it from spreading.
Toenail Fungus Medicine
Prevention is always better than cure but in the case of toenail fungus, it may be a little too late for others to avoid them. It is good to hear however that there are a number of toenail fungus medicines that are available today which help offer relief from toenail fungus. There are a number of oral antifungal medications that aid in helping a new nail grow that is free of infection, slowly replacing the infected part in the process. This includes the likes of terbinafine (Lamisil), itraconazole (Sporanox), fluconazole (Diflucan), griseofulvin (Gris-Peg). Aside from oral antifungal medications, a huge number of individuals will also be able to make good use of medicated nail polish and cream as toenail fungus medicine.
Our feet play a very important role in our bodies especially since these help us balance and make it possible for us to walk. For that matter, make sure that you are keeping your feet in a relatively good condition. Consider the tips listed above to help you avoid toenail fungus as well as on how to treat them with the right medications.
Nail fungus and other related infections can happen to just about anyone. A huge number of individuals take the necessary measures in order to keep nail infections at bay stopping any signs of development in its track. Just how common are nail fungus infections such as the black toenail? Let us find out below.
Nail Fungus Facts
You can get a much clearer picture with regards to nail fungus by simply looking at some of their statistics. For instance, recent studies show that at least 5% of people suffer from nail fungus infection. Another thing to note is that toenail fungal infections are more prevalent than fingernail although they are less visible from people.
Onychomycosis or is simply known as a fungal infection of the nail which accounts for up to 30% of all skin infections. Age can also be a huge contributing factor as people who are older are more susceptible in developing a black toenail and the likes. 20% of people over 60, and 50% of individuals over 70 takes up most of the general population who suffer from nail fungus.
Men Vs. Women
It should be noted that men are known to contract toenail fungus more often than women. The reason behind this is that men wear closed and tight shoes on a regular day to day basis. This in turn covers their toenails food a good duration of the day. On the other hand, women can have plenty of options on what type of footwear they can wear. Heels and sandals are usually open allowing plenty of breathing space to the feet.
Gender aside, work environment such as damp areas can also play a very huge role in the development of nail fungus. Other risk factors that increase black toenail likelihood include poor circulation, thickening of nails, diabetes, psoriasis, immune system disorders, and excessive perspiration.
Treating Nail Fungus
It is good to hear that people today will not be finding any shortage of nail fungus medication with them being made easily available in the market. There are over the counter treatments making it possible for just about anyone to purchase and acquire nail fungus medication with relative ease and convenience. This includes nail fungal cream and ointments, medicated nail polish and the likes. Modern technology has also helped paved the way introducing new innovations in the field of medicine. Surgical procedures can be done through laser and light-based therapies providing a timely and effective solution to nail fungus.
Prevention is always better than cure when dealing with nail fungus. A good way to avoid them is by keeping your feet as clean and dry as possible. When in public swimming or wet areas, make sure to secure your very own waterproof sandals and avoid sharing them with others. Also, don’t forget to wear clean and fresh socks on a regular basis. Last but definitely not the least is to trim your nails regularly. If you are not confident enough in trimming them, make sure to call the experts to have them trimmed for you instead.
People take the necessary efforts in keeping their nails clean and tidy. This is the reason why the salon industry is a booming business with plenty of customers visiting them on a regular day to day basis. Not taking care of your toenails can lead to potential problems with your feet down the line. A good example of this is with regards to having thicker toenails. Thick toenails at first glance may look unsuspectingly normal but if left unattended or ignored it can develop into severe complications. Let us look at what causes toenails to thicken as well as a few methods on how to treat them.
How to Identify the Development of Thick Toenails?
Your toenails when becoming thick can show underlying problems that are happening on your feet. It should be noted that having thick toenails can be just one of the many symptoms of a fungal infection. Its color can also vary from yellow, brown, or green although white toenail fungus seems to be the most popular among the group. Infection develops over time which can result to your toenail emitting a foul order. Aside from that, your toenails splitting or crumbling is a very good indicator that you are suffering from thick toenails. They can also look scaly or chalky with dirt and other debris under them. As mentioned earlier, development of thick toenails is subtle making people not notice any sign of discomfort. With that being said, toenails can become painful as symptoms build and progress.
The Causes of Thick Toenails
There are a number of factors that can cause the development of thick toenails. Onychomycosis also known as fungal infection in the nail is considered to be one of the main culprits in its development. White toenail fungus results to yeast growing under your nail bed where moist is often found.
Feet that are often exposed to wet areas have a huge likelihood of developing fungal infection. This includes being barefoot in public places with wet floors, such as showers, gyms, and swimming pools. Shoes that constrict your feet can limit their breathing space which can damage your toenails. Aside from that, those who have sweaty feet and shoes are also susceptible in getting white toenail fungus and the same can also be said with regard to athlete’s foot that can spread to your toenails.
Thick Toenail Remedy
It is good to hear that people today are given plenty of options on how to treat their thick toenails. These include home remedies and medical treatments that are available regularly. With home treatments, patients can choose topical and oral medications to help heal the infection. Hygiene also plays an important role in keeping the bacteria away which includes cleaning the affected area with soap and water daily as well as grooming your nails regularly. For patients looking for a faster and more effective method, they can consider laser treatments or perhaps the procedure of removing their toenail to treat the nail bed.